Источники инновационных возможностей

    Дисциплина: Экономика
    Тип работы: Курсовая
    Тема: Источники инновационных возможностей

    ~A^I~N\'O\"A`AD~N`O^AA\'I\'I`Ass ^O`E\'I`A\'I~N^I^A`Ass `A^E`A\"AA`I`Ess
    \"ID`E \"ID`A^A`E`OA\"E\"U~N`O^AA
    D^I~N~N`E\'E~N^E^I\'E ^OA\"AAD`A\"O`E`E
    ^E`A^OA\"AD`A
    \'Y^E^I\'I^I`I`ExA~N^E^I\'E ^E`E\'AAD\'IA`O`E^E`E
    ^E\'OD~N^I^A`Ass D`A\'A^I`O`A
    `E~N`O^Ix\'I`E^E`E `E\'I\'I^I^A`A\"O`E^I\'I\'I^U~O ^A^IC`I^IAE\'I^I~N`OA\'E.
    ^A^u\"i^i\"e\'i`e\"e
    : ~n`o\'o\"aa\'i`o
    ^E^id\'iaa^a `A\"ea^e~na\'e, ^A`I2_1
    \"Ida\"i^i\"a^i^a`a`oa\"e\"u
    : ~Nad~aaa^a `A\"ea^e~n`a\'i\"ad `A\"ea^e~n`a\'i\"ad^i^a`e:.
    `I^I~N^E^A`A
    1994
    \"I\"E`A\'I D`A\'A^I`O^U:
    1. ^A^aa\"aa\'i`ea: \"i^i\'i\"y`o`ea `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e`e;
    2. \'Ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^ia ~n^i\'a^u`o`ea;
    3. \'Ia~n^i^i`o^aa`o~n`o^a`ea;
    4. `Ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y ^a \"i^i`oda\'a\'i^i~n`o`e \"id^i\"oa~n~n`a;
    5. `Ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y ^a ^i`od`a~n\"ea^a^u~o `e d^u\'i^i:\'i^u~o ~n`od\'o^e`o\'od`a~o;
    6. \"Aa`i^i~ad`a^o`e:a~n^e`ea `ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y;
    7. `Ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y ^a \"oa\'i\'i^i~n`o\'i^u~o \'o~n`o`a\'i^i^a^e`a~o `e ^a ^a^i~n\"id`e\"y`o`e`e;
    8. \'I^i^a^ua c\'i`a\'i`e\"y;
    9. C`a^e\"eth:a\'i`ea: \"id`e\'i\"o`e\"i^u `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e`e.
    \"I^i\'i\"y`o`ea `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e`e.
    \"Idaae\"aa ^a~na~a^i \'ia^i\'a~o^i\"a`e`i^i ^i`o^aa`o`e`o\"u \'i`a ^a^i\"id^i~n: “x`o^i aea `o`a^e^ia `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e\"y?”
    `E\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e\"y `i^iaea`o \'a^u`o\"u ^i\"ida\"aa\"ea\'i`a `o`a^e, ^e`a^e AE.\'A. ~N\'y\'e ^i\"ida\"aa\"e`e\"e \"ida\"a\"id`e\'i`e`i`a`oa\"e\"u~n`o^a^i - `o^i a~n`o\"u ^e`a^e `ec`ia\'ia\'i`ea ^i`o\"a`a:`e da~n\'od~n^i^a. `E\"e`e, ^e`a^e ~n^e`ac`a\"e \'a^u ~n^i^ada`ia\'i\'i^u\'e \'y^e^i\'i^i`i`e~n`o ^a `oad`i`e\'i`a~o
    ~n\"id^i~n`a `e \"ida\"a\"e^iaea\'i`e\"y, - ^e`a^e `ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y ^a \"oa\'i\'i^i~n`o`e `e \'o\"a^i^a\"ea`o^a^id,\'i\'i^i~n`o`e, \"i^i\"e\'o:`aa`i^u~o \"i^i`oda\'a`e`oa\"ea`i `ec `e~n\"i^i\"e\"uc\'oa`i^u~o `e`i da~n\'od~n^i^a (`e\"e`e aea \'i^i^a^i^a^aa\"aa\'i`e\"y ^a `e~o `e~n\"i^i\"e\"uc^i^a`a\'i`e`e).
    `O`a^e`e`i ^i\'ad`ac^i`i, \"ida\"a\"id`e\'i`e`i`a`oa\"ea\'e ^i`o\"e`e:`aa`o `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e^i\'i\'i^u\'e `o`e\"i `i^uo\"ea\'i`e\"y. \"Ida\"a\"id`e\'i`e`i`a`oa\"e\"u~n`o^a^i ^i~n\'i^i^a^u^a`aa`o~n\"y \'i`a \'y^e^i\'i^i`i`e:a~n^e`e~o `e ~n^i\"o`e`a\"e\"u\'i^u~o `oa^id`e\"y~o, ~n^i~a\"e`a~n\'i^i ^e^i`o^id^u`i `ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y - ^a\"i^i\"e\'ia
    \'i^id`i`a\"e\"u\'i^ia `e a~n`oa~n`o^aa\'i\'i^ia \"y^a\"ea\'i`ea. ~A\"e`a^a\'i`a\"y aea c`a\"a`a:`a ^i\'a`ua~n`o^a`a `e ^i~n^i\'aa\'i\'i^i \'y^e^i\'i^i`i`e^e`e ^a`e\"a`e`o~n\"y ^a \"i^i\"e\'o:a\'i`e`e :a~a^i-`o^i `e\'i^i~a^i, ^i`o\"e`e:\'i^i~a^i ^i`o \"ida\"a^u\"a\'o`ua~a^i, `a \'ia ^a \'o\"e\'o:oa\'i`e`e \'oaea ~n\'o`ua~n`o^a\'oth`ua~a^i.
    `O`a^e`e`i ^i\'ad`ac^i`i, \"iada\"a \"ida\"a\"id`e\'i`e`i`a`oa\"e\"y`i`e ~n`e^i`e`o c`a\"a`a:`a \'i`a\'o:`e`o\"u~n\"y ^i~n\'o`ua~n`o^a\"e\"y`o\"u `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e^i\'i\'i^ua daoa\'i`e\"y \'i`a ~n`e~n`oa`i`a`o`e:a~n^e^i\'e ^i~n\'i^i^aa.
    ~N`e~n`oa`i`a`o`e:a~n^e`a\"y
    `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e\"y, \"i^i\'y`o^i`i\'o, ~n^i~n`o^i`e`o ^a \"oa\"ea\'i`a\"id`a^a\"ea\'i\'i^i`i, ^id~a`a\'i`ec^i^a`a\'i\'i^i`i \"i^i`e~n^ea `ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\'e `e ^a ~n`e~n`oa`i`a`o`e:a~n^e^i`i `a\'i`a\"e`eca `oa~o ^a^ic`i^iae\'i^i~n`oa\'e, ^e^i`o^id^ua \'y`o`e `ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y `i^i~a\'o`o \"a`a`o\"u \"a\"e\"y \'y^e^i\'i^i`i`e:a~n^e`e~o
    `e\"e`e ~n^i\"o`e`a\"e\"u\'i^u~o \'i^i^a^i^a^aa\"aa\'i`e\'e.
    ^A^u\"aa\"e\"yth`o ~n\"ea\"a\'oth`u`ea `ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y, `e\"e`e `e~n`o^i:\'i`e^e`e `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e\'e:
    \'Ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^ia ~n^i\'a^u`o`ea, ^e^i`o^id^u`i `i^iaea`o \'a^u`o\"u \'ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u\'e \'o~n\"ia~o, \'ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i`a\"y \'ia\'o\"a`a:`a;
    \'Ia~n^i^i`o^aa`o~n`o^a`ea `iaae\"a\'o da`a\"e\"u\'i^i~n`o\"uth, `o`a^e^i\'e, ^e`a^e^i^a^i\'e ^i\'i`a \"y^a\"e\"ya`o~n\"y, `e a, ^i`od`aaea\'i`ea`i ^a^i `i\'ia\'i`e\"y~o `e ^a ^i\"oa\'i^e`a~o \"eth\"aa\'e;
    `Ec`ia\'ia\'i`ea \"i^i`oda\'a\'i^i~n`oa\'e \"id^i`ec^a^i\"a~n`o^aa\'i\'i^i~a^i \"id^i\"oa~n~n`a;
    `Ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y ^a ~n`od\'o^e`o\'oda ^i`od`a~n\"e`e `e\"e`e d^u\'i^e`a;
    \"Aa`i^i~ad`a^o`e:a~n^e`ea `ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y;
    `Ec`ia\'ia\'i`e\"y ^a ^a^i~n\"id`e\"y`o`e`e `e ^a \"oa\'i\'i^i~n`o\'i^u~o \'o~n`o`a\'i^i^a^e`a~o;
    \'I^i^a^ua c\'i`a\'i`e\"y, \'i`a\'o:\'i^ua `e \'ia\'i`a\'o:\'i^ua.
    `E\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e\"y a~n`o\"u ~n^e^idaa a~n`o\"u ~n^e^idaa \'y^e^i\'i^i`i`e:a~n^e`e\'e `e ~n^i\"o`e`a\"e\"u\'i^u\'e, \'iaaea\"e`e `oa~o\'i`e:a~n^e`e\'e `oad`i`e\'i. ^I\'i`a \'ia ^i\'a\"yc`a`oa\"e\"u\'i^i \"a^i\"eae\'i`a \'a^u`o\"u :a`i-`o^i `oa~o\'i`e:a~n^e`e`i, \"a`a `e ^a^i^i\'a`ua, :a`i-`o^i ^aa`ua~n`o^aa\'i\'i^u`i.
    `I`a\"e^i ~n\'o`ua~n`o^a\'oa`o `oa~o\'i`e:a~n^e`e~o `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e\'e, ^e^i`o^id^ua ~n`i^i~a\'o`o ~n^i\"iad\'i`e:`a`o\"u \"i^i ^a\"e`e\"y\'i`eth ~n `o`a^e`e`i`e `ec^i\'ada`oa\'i`e\"y`i`e, ^e`a^e, \'i`a\"id`e`iad, \"id^i\"a`aae`a `o^i^a`ad^i^a ^a d`a~n~nd^i:^e\'o, ^e^i`o^id`a\"y \'a\'o^e^a`a\"e\"u\'i^i \"ida^i\'ad`ac`e\"e`a ^a~nth
    ~n^oad\'o `o^id~a^i^a\"e`e.
    D`a~n~n`i^i`od`e`i \"i^i~n\"ea\"a^i^a`a`oa\"e\"u\'i^i ^a~na ^a^uoa\"iada:`e~n\"ea\'i\'i^ua `e~n`o^i:\'i`e^e`e `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e^i\'i\'i^u~o ^a^ic`i^iae\'i^i~n`oa\'e. \"Id`e \'y`o^i`i, ^i\"a\'i`a^e^i, \'i`a\"a^i \"i^i`i\'i`e`o\"u, :`o^i ~ad`a\'i`e\"o^u `iaae\"a\'o \'y`o`e`i`e `e~n`o^i:\'i`e^e`a`i`e `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e^i\'i\'i^u~o `e\"aa\'e
    d`ac`i^u`o^u; \'a^i\"eaa `o^i~a^i, \'y`o`e `e~n`o^i:\'i`e^e`e :`a~n`o^i \"iada^ed^u^a`ath`o \"ad\'o~a \"ad\'o~a`a. ^A`ia~n`oa ~n `oa`i, ^e`aae\"a^u\'e `ec \'i`ac^a`a\'i\'i^u~o `e~n`o^i:\'i`e^e^i^a ^i\'a\"e`a\"a`aa`o ~n^a^i`e`i`e ~n^i\'a~n`o^aa\'i\'i^u`i`e ~o`ad`a^e`oad`e~n`o`e^e`a`i`e, \"i^i\'y`o^i`i\'o `a\'i`a\"e`ec`ed^i^a`a`o\"u `e~o
    ~n\"ea\"a\'oa`o \"i^i ^i`o\"aa\"e\"u\'i^i~n`o`e.
    \'Ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^ia ~n^i\'a^u`o`ea.
    \'Ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u\'e \'o~n\"ia~o.
    \'Ia`o ^i\'a\"e`a~n`o`e, ^e^i`o^id`a\"y \"ida\"a\"e`a~a`a\"e`a \'a^u \'a^i\"eaa \'a^i~a`a`o^ua ^a^ic`i^iae\'i^i~n`o`e \"a\"e\"y \'o~n\"iao\'i^i\'e `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e, :a`i \'ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u\'e \'o~n\"ia~o. \'Ia`o ^i\'a\"e`a~n`o`e, ^a ^e^i`o^id^i\'e `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e^i\'i\'i^ua ^a^ic`i^iae\'i^i~n`o`e \'a^u\"e`e \'a^u ~n^a\"yc`a\'i^u ~n
    `ia\'i\"uo`e`i d`e~n^e^i`i, `a ^i~n\'o`ua~n`o^a\"ea\'i`ea `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e\'e \'a^u\"e^i \'a^u `ia\'iaa `od\'o\"a^i,`i^e^i. ^I\"a\'i`a^e^i \'ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u`i \'o~n\"ia~o^i`i :`a`ua ^a~na~a^i \"ida\'ia\'ada~a`ath`o, \"a`aaea ~o\'oaea, d\'o^e^i^a^i\"a~n`o^a^i ~n^e\"e^i\'i\'i^i a~a^i \'y\'iad~a`e:\'i^i ^i`o`o`a\"e^e`e^a`a`o\"u. \"Aa\"e^i ^a
    `o^i`i, :`o^i d\'o^e^i^a^i\"a~n`o^a\'o `od\'o\"a\'i^i \"id`e`i`ed`e`o\"u~n\"y ~n \'ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u`i \'o~n\"ia~o^i`i. \'Y`o^i `oda\'a\'oa`o dao`e`i^i~n`o`e, ~n\"i^i~n^i\'a\'i^i~n`o`e ~n`i^i`oda`o\"u ^a \"e`e\"o^i da`a\"e\"u\'i^i~n`o`e, ^e^i^eda`o\'i^u~o \"i^i\"e`e`o`e:a~n^e`e~o `iad `e ~n`i`eda\'i`e\"y, \"i^ic^a^i\"e\"yth`ua~a^i
    ~n^e`ac`a`o\"u: “`I^u \'a^u\"e`e \'ia\"id`a^a^u.” `O`a^e`e`i ^i\'ad`ac^i`i, \'ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u\'e \'o~n\"ia~o - \'y`o^i ~n^a^ia~a^i d^i\"a`a \"id^i^aad^e`a ^e^i`i\"ia`oa\'i\"o`e`e d\'o^e^i^a^i\"a~n`o^a`a.
    \'Ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u\'e \'o~n\"ia~o - \'ia \"id^i~n`o^i \'a\"e`a~a^i\"id`e\"y`o\'i`a\"y ^a^ic`i^iae\'i^i~n`o\"u \"a\"e\"y \'i^i^a^i^a^aa\"aa\'i`e\'e, ^i\'i ~n`a`i ^a^uc^u^a`aa`o \'ia^i\'a~o^i\"a`e`i^i~n`o\"u \'y`o`e~o \'i^i^a^i^a^aa\"aa\'i`e\'e.
    \'Ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^u\'e \'o~n\"ia~o \'ia^i\'a~o^i\"a`e`i^i `ec\'o:`e`o\"u ~n \"oa\"e\"uth ^a^u\"y^a\"ea\'i`e\"y ~n\"ea\"a\'oth`u`e~o `ec \'ia~a^i `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e^i\'i\'i^u~o ^a^ic`i^iae\'i^i~n`oa\'e, c`a\"a`a^a`a\"y~n\"u ~n\"ea\"a\'oth`u`e`i`e ^a^i\"id^i~n`a`i`e:
    ^E`a^e`ea ^a^u~a^i\"a^u \"a`a~n`o `e~n\"i^i\"e\"uc^i^a`a\'i`ea \'ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i^i~a^i \'o~n\"ia~o`a?
    ^E :a`i\'o \'y`o^i \"id`e^aa\"a,`o?
    x`o^i \'ia^i\'a~o^i\"a`e`i^i ~n\"aa\"e`a`o\"u, :`o^i\'a^u \"ida^ad`a`o`e`o\"u \'o~n\"ia~o ^a `e\'i\'i^i^a`a\"o`e^i\'i\'i\'oth ^a^ic`i^iae\'i^i~n`o\"u?
    ^E`a^e \'y`o^i ~n\"aa\"e`a`o\"u?
    \'Ia^iae`e\"a`a\'i\'i`a\"y \'ia\'o\"a`a:`a.
    \'Ia\'o\"a`a:`e, ^a ^i`o\"e`e:`ea ^i`o \'o~n\"ia~o^i^a, \'ia `i^i~a\'o`o \'a^u`o\"u ^i`o^aad~a\'i\'o`o^u`i`e `e da\"a^...

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