Особенности работы с антонимамми в школе

    Дисциплина: Педагогика
    Тип работы: Курсовая
    Тема: Особенности работы с антонимамми в школе

    Plan
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    INTRODUCTION
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732454 \\h
    THE AIMS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732455 \\h
    THE IMPORTANCE OF TEACHING VOCABULARY
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732456 \\h
    HOW TO TEACH VOCABULARY IN SCHOOL
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732457 \\h
    GUIDELINES ON GIVING EFFACTIVE EXPLANATIONS
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732458 \\h
    WHAT IS ANTONYMY
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732459 \\h
    WORDS THAT ARE THEIR OWN OPPOSITES
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732460 \\h
    HOW TO TEACH ANTONYMS
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732461 \\h
    ANTONYM QUESTIONS TEST KNOWLEDGE OF VOCABULARY
    PAGEREF _Toc501732462 \\h
    WORD RETRIEVAL ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732463 \\h
    ABOUT THE ACTIVITIES
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732464 \\h
    PLAYING GAMES INVOLVING ANTONYMS
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732465 \\h
    ANTONYMS QUIZ
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732466 \\h
    MATCHED PAIRS.
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732467 \\h
    DEVELOP CHILDRENS’ UNDRESTANDING OF E MEANINGS
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    CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER
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    PAGEREF _Toc501732469 \\h
    CONCLUSION
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    THE LIST OF LITERATURE:
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    INTRODUCTION
    It is generally known that school leavers’ vocabulary is poor. They have troubles with hearing, speaking, reading and writing. One of the reasons is poor teaching of
    vocabulary.
    At all stages of teaching vocabulary the teacher should constantly use all kinds of vocabulary testing to see how his pupils assimilate the form, the meaning, and the usage of
    the words. For testing the retention if the written form dictations may be suggested. For
    testing the meaning special tests may be recommended such as writing synonyms, antonyms, derivatives, identification, and some others. For testing the usage
    of the words the teacher may administer such tests as composing sentences using the words given, composing a story on a picture or a set of pictures, and some others. The teacher
    should bear in mind that most of the exercises offered for the stages of presentation and retention may be fruitfully utilized for vocabulary testing.
    Learning may take place without conscious teaching, but teaching is intended to result in personal learning for students, and is worthless if it does not do so. In other words,
    the concept of teaching is understood as a process that is intrinsically and inseparably bound up with learning. There is no separate discussion of language learning; instead, both
    content and process of the various modules consistently require the teacher to study learners’ problems, needs and strategies as a necessary basis for the formulation of effective
    teaching practice and theory.
    It is necessary to distinguish between “teaching” and “methodology”. Foreign language teaching methodology can be defined as ‘the activities, tasks and learning experiences used
    by the teacher within the language teaching and learning process’. Any particular methodology usually has a theoretical underpinning that should cause coherence and consistency in the
    choice of teaching procedures. ‘Foreign language teaching’, on the other hand, though it naturally includes methodology, has further important components such as lesson planning,
    classroom discipline, the provision of interest – topics.
    THE AIMS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING
    The aims of foreign language teaching are threefold: practical, educational and cultural.
    Its practical aims are consequent on the basic function of language, which is, to serve as a means of communication.
    International intercourse is realized directly, through the spoken language, or indirectly, trough the written language, that is through printed, or hand-or type-written, texts.
    Therefore the school programmes set forth the following practical requirements: the instruction must be such as ensure that the graduates can observe on the foreign language on simple
    every day subjects, using the speech material dealt with in the course, cab read and understand without a dictionary an easy text in the foreign language, and with the occasional help
    of a dictionary a text presenting moderate difficulties, and can express in written form simple thoughts (write a short letter).
    The educational aims of foreign language teaching in schools consist in inculculating in the children through instruction in the foreign language the principles of
    morality.
    The cultural aims mentioned on school programme of foreign languages imply the following tasks: widening the pupils’ general outlook, developing their powers abstract thinking,
    cultivating their sense of beauty and their appreciation of art. The reading of English texts acquainting the pupils with the life and culture of the English-speaking nations, and
    with their manner and customs, will contribute to the mental growth of the pupils.
    Later the ability of reading English and American authors in the original and texts in the English language reflecting the culture of the countries where that language is spoken
    will likewise serve the pupils as a mean of attaining a higher general education level.
    Reading good authors in the foreign language will develop in the children a feeling of beauty.
    A widening of their philological outlook will result from the unconscious and conscious comparison of the foreign with the native language.
    THE IMPORTANCE OF TEACHING VOCABULARY
    To know a language means to master its structure and words. Thus, vocabulary is one of the aspects of the language to be taught at school. The problem is what words and idioms
    pupils should retain. It is evident that the number of words should be limited because pupils have only 2-4 periods a week; the size of the group is not small enough to provide each
    pupil with practice in speaking; schools are not fully equipped with special laboratories for individual language learning. The number of words pupil should acquire in school depends
    wholly on the syllabus requirement. The latter are determined by the conditions and methods used. For example, experiments have proved that the use of programmed instructions for
    vocabulary learning allows us to increase the number of words to be learned since pupils are able to...

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