Топики по Английскому языку

    Дисциплина: Иностранные языки
    Тип работы: Шпаргалки
    Тема: Топики по Английскому языку

    Economy in
    Rassian
    The Russian is reach in natural resources in the past few years the Russia try to remove from a centrally controlled economy to a market economy. In spite of decline Russia has
    various branches of industry, such as metallurgical, automobile and chemical industry. Russia is divided on 11 economic regions such as: North, North west, central,
    volga,
    ural.. And Asia :West Siberia, East Siberia, and the Far East. Russian s machine building industry provides most of the Federations requirement for steam boilers and
    turbines ,electric generators, grain combines, automobiles and electric locomotives and machine tools, instruments and automation components. Important automobile factories are located
    in Moscow,
    Н.Новгород,
    Ярославль
    Ижевск
    Rus. textile industries are heavily concentrated in the European sector especially in the central region. Russian agriculture is not so developed. But some of the main
    crops grown on the South are wheat, fruits, on the North are wheat, barley, oats, vegetables. Cattle breeding and pig raising make up an important branch of R. agricultural. Forests is
    a very important branch for Russian. But in
    Rus. can not use the resources more effectively. In
    Rus. the resources is sold as the raw materials. It is necessary to employ of manufacturing. And then we will live better.
    The Russian Art.
    The most important form of early Russian art was the icons. The word icon means image in Greek. Icon is the religious pictures of Christ and Saints on wooden panel. They decorated
    churches, mostly placed on the iconostasis. In Russia the finest icons were produced from the
    midforteenth century. In that time a specific national style icon painting was formed. Russian icon painting reached the highest point of its achievement in the works of
    Theothan Greek,
    Andrey
    Rublev and
    Dionissy in the mid-15 century.
    Andrey
    Rublev is a Russian greatest
    iconpainter. In 1408 he was engaged on the murals in the Cathedral of the Assumption at Vladimir when he also produced his version of the icon of
    Vladimirs Virgin. And well known
    cuch icons as
    Спас
    Троица which was found in Vladimir.
    A.R.s icons is expressed a distinct filling of harmony, deep spirituality, grace and the beauty of the colors.
    Rs works is one of the greatest creations of medieval Russian painting.
    Intimate [
    intimeit]
    намекать, Severe[
    sivie]
    строгий
    , Distinct [
    distinkt]
    отличный
    тчетливый
    . Creations
    krieishn
    ] создание, творение.
    In the2th half of 19
    th century artists of the Wanderers group started painting scenes of contemporary life.
    Vasiliy
    Perov, Ivan
    Kramskoy,
    Aleksey
    Savrasov,Ivan
    Shishkin,
    Valentin
    Serov and
    Vasiliy
    Surikov were wanderers. The works of
    Wonderes are displayed in the famous picture galleries: the
    Tretiakov Gallery in
    Moscow,the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg. They called themselves the Wanderers, because they wanted to realize their ideals by taking wondering
    exibitions
    tthroughout the country. The most clear
    represenative of Wonderers in my opinion was
    Vasiliy
    Surikov.[1848-1916]. He was the first of the W.
    Hewas born in
    Krasnojarsk in
    Siberia.His masterpiece
    was the
    Боярыня
    Морозова
    . [1887] Its an enormous painting-both in size and scale. A decorative surface rhythm and strong horizontals are other
    eharacteirctics common to Russian art, both ancient and modern, and like wise first recovered in the work of
    Surikov.
    The English Art.
    The 18
    th century , the Golden Age of British Art. The 18
    century , the great age of British painting. It was in this period that British art attained a distinct national character.
    Hogarth was followed by a row of
    illustrious painters: Thomas
    Gainsborough, with his lyrical landscapes,
    funcy
    pictures and portraits, Reynolds, who painted charming society portraits and became the first president of the Royal Academy.
    William
    Hogarth was unquestionably one of the greatest of English artists and a man of
    remarkably individual character and thought . It was his achievement to give a comprehensive view of social life within the framework of moralistic and
    framatic narrative.
    His masterpiece of the famous series was Marriage a la Mode . This set of pictures describes a marriage between the daughter of a rich man and a young lord, the son of an old
    earl. The Girls father has brought a bag full of money with him. Their children are together but apart: the young man is watching himself in the glass; the girl is listening to a
    young
    Counsellor. The pictures round the room help
    understund the situation.
    In one of the pictures Madam sits listening to the young
    Consellor, whose portrait hangs in her room. Other pictures in the series show My Lord who amuses himself with a bad company. He returns home tipsy. Madam wastes her
    money at auctions. The end is known. My Lord attacks the
    Counsellor, who kills him and is executed. Moral: do not listen to
    counsellors;
    dont marry a man for his rank, or a woman for her money;
    dont visit auctions unknown to your husband;
    dont have bad friends. Otherwise you will be ruined.
    From the 18 century portrait
    painting,eit
    Mass media
    The most popular sources of entertainment and information are the press, radio,
    tv, and movies. The press plays an important part in the life of society. Millions of Americans in their free time read newspapers. The English word ‘newspaper’ does not
    really. Describe everything that you can read in this kind of publication. Newspapers include not only stories about recent events (news), but opinions, advertising, and other
    non-news items. The first American newspaper was called Public Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic. This paper was first published in Boston in 1690. Now there are about 2,600
    newspapers published in the USA. The New York Times, the Washington Post, and the Los Angeles Times are three of the most important daily papers that describe foreign and domestic
    news. The radio does not interfere with your activities. You can listen to the radio while doing some work about the house, reading a book or driving a car. On the radio one can hear
    music, plays, news, and different commentary and discussions called ‘forums’. At a forum several authorities exchange views on social, economic and political problems. A peculiar
    feature of the American radio is soap opera. It is a sentimental serial drama that describes domestic problems and which is for housewives. Soap opera is usually broadcast every day.
    Most people find soap opera boring. There ate a lot of games on the radio. They are called ‘panel games’. Radio brings also cultural and educational programs. Many programs are made
    up of classical music. Television is a ‘chewing gum for ears and eyes’. There are many serials on TV in the USA. They appeared in the 1950s. TV games- attract a large audience, too.
    During TV quiz programs TV viewers answer different questions. There is a lot of education on television. For example, y...

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