Florida

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    Тема: Florida

    Florida

    State of Florida

    Flag of Florida

    Seal of Florida

    Nickname(s): Sunshine State

    Official language(s)

    English

    Capital

    Tallahassee

    Largest city

    Jacksonville

    Area

    Ranked 22

    - Total

    65,794

    (170,451 km^2)

    - Width

    162(260 km)

    - Length

    497(800 km)

    - % water

    17.9

    - Latitude

    24°30\'N to 31°N

    - Longitude

    79°48\'W to 87°38\'W

    Population

    Ranked 4

    - Total (

    2000)

    15,982,378

    Density

    301/sq.

    116.3/km^2 (8

    Elevation

    Highest

    point

    Britton Hill

    Walton County

    345 (105 m)

    Mean

    98 (30 m)

    Lowest point

    0 (0 m)

    Admission to Union

    March 3,

    1845 (27

    Governor

    Jeb Bush (R)

    U.S. Senators

    Bill Nelson

    Mel Martinez

    Time zones

    - peninsula

    Eastern:

    UTC-5/

    DST-4

    panhandle

    Central: UTC-6/

    DST-5

    Abbreviations

    US-FL

    Web site

    www.myflorida.com

    Florida

    is a

    U.S. state located in the

    southeastern

    United States. It was named by

    Juan Ponce de Le\'on, who landed on the coast on

    April 2,

    1513, during

    Pascua Florida (

    Spanish for \"Flowery Easter,\" referring to the

    Easter season).

    Geography

    Florida

    is situated mostly on a large

    peninsula between the

    Gulf of Mexico, the

    Atlantic Ocean, and the

    Straits of Florida. It consists of a

    panhandle, extending along the northern

    Gulf of Mexico, and a large

    peninsula, with the

    Atlantic Ocean as its eastern border and the Gulf of Mexico as its western border. It is bordered on the

    north by the states of

    Georgia and

    Alabama, and on the west, at the end of the panhandle, by Alabama. It is near the countries of the

    Caribbean, particularly the

    Bahamas and

    Cuba.

    At 345 feet (105 m)

    above mean sea level,

    Britton Hill is the highest point in Florida and the lowest highpoint of any U.S. state. Contrary to

    popular belief, however, Florida is not entirely \"flat.\" Some places, such as

    Clearwater, feature vistas that rise 50 to 100 feet (15–30m) above

    the water. Much of the interior of Florida, typically 25 miles (40km) or more away from the coastline, features rolling hills with elevations ranging from 100 to 250 feet

    (30–76m) in many locations. Lake County holds the highest point of peninsular Florida,

    Sugarloaf Mountain, at 312 feet (95m).

    Boundaries

    The state line begins at the

    Atlantic Ocean, traveling west, south, and north up the

    thalweg of the

    Saint Mary\'s River. At the origin of

    that river, it then follows a straight line nearly due west and slightly north, to the point where the

    confluence of the

    Flint River (from Georgia) and the

    Chattahoochee River (down the Alabama/Georgia line) used to form Florida\'s

    Apalachicola River. (Since Woodruff Dam was built,this point has been under

    Lake Seminole.) The border with Georgia continues north through the lake for a short distance up the former thalweg of the Chattahoochee, then with Alabama runs due west along

    latitude 31°N to the

    Perdido River, then south along its thalweg to the Gulf via Perdido Bay.

    Climate

    The climate of Florida is tempered somewhat by its proximity to water. Most of the state has a humid subtropical climate, with the extreme tip of Florida and the

    Florida Keys bordering on a true tropical climate. Cold fronts can occasionally bring high winds and cool

    to cold temperatures to the entire state during late fall and winter. One such front swept through the peninsula on

    November 25,

    1996, bringing cold temperatures and winds up to 95 miles per hour (150 km/h), knocking out power to

    thousands and damaging mobile homes. However, Florida averages 300 days of full sunshine a year. The seasons in Florida are actually determined more by

    precipitation than by temperature with warm, relatively

    winters and

    autumns (the dry season) and hot, wet

    springs and

    summers (the wet season). The

    Gulf Stream has a moderating effect on the climate, and although much of Florida commonly

    sees a high summer temperature over 90 degrees

    Fahrenheit (32°C), the mercury seldom exceeds 100 degrees Fahrenheit (39°C). The hottest

    temperature ever recorded in the state was 109°F (43°C),...

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