Тип работы: Реферат
Our Homeland –
Kazakstan is situated in the very
of the Eurasian continent.
sg. km (i.e. the country is the 9
th largest in the world). Common border with Russia, China, Uzbekistan,
Kyrghyzstan and Turkmenistan.
Climate is sharply continental. Average winter temperature in January from - 1°C - 5°C (south) to -20°C (North). In summer the temperature varies from
Natural zones: forest-steppes and steppes, deserts and semi-deserts.
Landscape: the overwhelming portion of the territory is occupied with plains, plateaus, low hills, low lands with only 10 % of its territory
accounting for the mountains of
Main waterways are
Shu, Caspian and
Aral Seas, lakes
harbour over a half of world chromium reserves with lead,
zink, copper, silver and gold into the bargain.
Kazakstan ranks first in the world as to tungsten reserves, second – in phosphorus ores, third – in manganese, fourth – in lead and molybdenum and eighth – in iron
The Constitution defines the state system as a form of presidential republic considering it the most flexible version in conditions of today. The
President ensures coordinated performance of all the branches of state power and accountability of power bodies to the people. Parliament of the
Republic is the supreme representative authority in the country: it performs legislative functions. Executive power is assumed by the Government of the country.
The country recognizes ideological and political pluralism. All public associations enjoy equal
rights in the
fase of the Law.
National currency of the Republic –
Ethnically the more than 17-million strong population of
Kazakstan is rather diverse. Along with the two major groups,
Kazaks and Russians, there reside over 100 other nationalities. Among them are Ukrainians,
Azerbaijanians, and many others. The people of
Kazakstan has every reason to be proud of political stability in the state and of
traditionally friendly inter-ethnic relations.
State language of the Republic is
Kazak. Russian enjoys the status of the official language.
Kazakstan is divided into five major regions: Central, North, South, West and East ones.
Astana remains the capital of the country. Until then both
Almaty are the seats of the President\'s residencies.
Industry – the Basis of the Economy.
Tremendous is the
contribution made by industrial enterprises into building of the gross national product of the Republic of
Kazakstan. Major industries in the Republic are production of mineral wealth, chemistry, power engineering and metallurgy. No less significant branches as
machine-building, light-and food industries.
The produce of mining-and-smelting works enjoys fine demand abroad which makes it major source of hard currency influx. At present they have
rarional development of mining basis, of reconstruction and updating of dressing and such other smelting
works. Besides there have been launched new industries to put out produce of supreme commodity readiness.
Kazakstan is to host a titanium-producing industry of its own which is expected to put out
slags, sponge titanium, metallic titanium, rolled products, titanium white.
Export deliveries of industrial products manufactured in
Kazakstan are effected to more than a hundred foreign countries.
Kazakstan – is one of the leading grain producers in the world. In grain-growing regions they cultivate mainly strong and durum varieties of wheat with high content of
gluten. Worth noting is that these are the very grades which enjoy high demand in the world market.
Kazakstan is the country where they sow rice, buckwheat, rape, soy-beans, oats, ...