Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

    Дисциплина: Иностранные языки
    Тип работы: Реферат
    Тема: Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

    SCHOOL 1276 WITH PROFOUND

    THOROUGH OF THE ENGLISH LANGUGE

    OF THE CENTRAL ADMINISTRATIVE DISTRICT

    OF MOSCOW

    THE ESSAY

    «THE HOUSE OF

    TUDOR»

    SERGEY

    SANOVICH

    10 B

    2002

    CONTENTS:

    Contents

    ………………………………………………………………….….….……….

    Introduction

    ……………………………………………………………….….…………

    King Henry VII

    ……………………………………………………………...….……

    King Henry VIII

    …………………………………………………………….….……

    King Edward VI

    ……………………………………………………………..………

    Lady Jane Grey

    ……………………………………………………………...………

    Queen Mary I

    ……………………………………………………………...…..……

    8-11

    Queen Elizabeth I

    ………………………………………………………..….....…

    11-15

    Conclusion

    ……………………………………………………………………….……

    The list of literature

    ………………………………………………….…..…………

    INTRODUCTION

    I decided to write this essay, because, I am really interested in English history. The five sovereigns of the Tudor dynasty are among the most well-known figures in Royal

    history. Of Welsh origin, Henry VII succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York to found the highly successful Tudor house. He was succeeded by

    Henry VIII, who is famous for his six wives. This dynasty

    ruled

    in Britain for 118 eventful years.

    Henry VIII was followed to the throne by his children

    Edward VI

    Mary I

    , and

    Elizabeth I

    . (Another Tudor descendant,

    Jane Grey

    , was put on the throne after Edward VI\'s death but was overthrown after only nine days.)

    They increased the influence of the monarchy, established the Church of England, and made England a world power.

    When Elizabeth I died in 1603, the Tudor dynasty ended. But the

    Stuarts

    , who succeeded the Tudors, were descended from Owen Tudor. Even the modern royal

    Windsor

    family can trace its ancestry back to the handsome Welsh squire who married Queen Catherine of Valois.

    KING HENRY VII

    The founding of dynasty

    The founder of the royal Tudor dynasty was Henry VII\'s grandfather Owen Tudor, a well-born Welsh man who served as a squire of the body to England\'s King Henry V. The king died

    in 1422 and some years later his widow, Catherine of Valois, is said to have married the handsome Tudor, although it is possible they were never legally married.

    Henry V was succeeded by his infant son, Henry VI. The new king (who became insane as an adult) was little more than a pawn in the so-called Wars of the Roses, a series of power

    struggles between the ruling House of Lancaster and the rival House of York. Owen Tudor was a staunch supporter of the king. In 1461 Tudor led an army into battle against Yorkists

    forces at Mortimer\'s Cross in Herefordshire. The Yorkist side won; Tudor was killed; Henry VI lost his throne and the Yorkist claimant, Edward IV, became king.

    Henry Tudor

    Owen\'s son Edmund had married Margaret Beaufort, who was descended from King Edward III\'s son John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster. Edmund died while Margaret was pregnant with

    their first child, Henry, who was born on January 28, 1457 at Pembroke Castle in Wales. At first Henry was kept hidden in Wales by his uncle, Jasper Tudor. In 1471 Henry VI died - he

    may have been murdered - in the Tower of London, and Henry Tudor became the Lancastrian claimant to the throne. Fearing for his nephew\'s safety, Jasper Tudor smuggled him to Brittany

    (in France).

    In 1483 Edward IV died suddenly and his young sons, Edward V and Richard, \"disappeared\" in the Tower of London. Their uncle, who had imprisoned the boys, swiftly crowned himself

    Richard III. Not surprisingly, he was an unpopular king. In 1485 Henry Tudor returned to Wales, raised an army, invaded England, and defeated Richard III at the battle of Bosworth

    Field. Richard died in the battle, and Henry Tudor became Henry VII, the first Tudor king.

    In 1486 Henry married Richard\'s niece, Elizabeth of York, uniting the houses of Lancaster and York and ending the Wars of the Roses (although Henry did have to deal with Yorkist

    uprisings early in his reign).

    An Elizabethan writer, Sir Francis Bacon, said that Henry VII was not an indulgent husband because \"his ...

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